What Is An Enriched Dough

What Is An Enriched Dough? – The Ultimate Guide With Recipe

What is an enriched dough? These doughs are made with added fats, eggs, sugar, and dairy products to create a tender, soft, and rich bread.

In today’s jam-packed article, we will be looking at exactly what enriched dough is, the different ways it is made, and some of the most famous enriched bread out there. And, we’ve even included an extremely easy enriched bread recipe that you can make at home.

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What Is An Enriched Dough?

First, it’s important to understand what lean dough is to better understand what an enriched dough is. A lean dough is made from only four ingredients. These are flour, yeast, salt, and water. In comparison, an enriched dough is enriched with fats, sugar, and dairy.

Fats used include butter, shortening, and oils. Sugar can be incorporated in the form of granulated sugar, honey, syrup, or powdered sugar – anything that will add sweetness really. And finally, any type of dairy product can be used to help add moisture and enrich the product. These are usually milk or cream, but can also be buttermilk, yogurt, or similar products.

Then, you also get the exceptional ingredient that is eggs. Eggs provide fat and sugar. They aren’t always added, and sometimes it’s only the egg yolks that are added (seeing as they contain the majority of fat and sugar of an egg).

How these ingredients affect an enriched dough recipe

These ingredients all have a tenderizing effect on the bread dough. They do this by coating the gluten strands and inhibiting them from stretching. So, as you can imagine, this makes enriched bread much denser (as compared to an un-enriched type of bread like ciabatta).

They also inhibit the functions of yeast. To counteract this, the dough needs to ferment for a much longer time. This in return gives the dough a much better flavor.

These ingredients also add weight to the dough. For example, think about cinnamon buns. This is an easy way to determine whether you have an enriched dough product or not. This added weight isn’t good or bad. It’s simple how it is and what makes these breads unique. Just don’t expect to create an open (light and airy) crumb with an enriched dough recipe.

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Mixing Methods For Enriched Dough’s

So, very much like with cakes, enriched doughs have different methods of mixing depending on the ingredients used and the ratios of those ingredients.

Straight mixing method

This is the easiest method. The straight mixing enriched dough definition is simply adding everything together in a bowl and mixing it.

This method is usually used for enriched bread recipes that don’t have a high amount of fat (butter, shortening, eggs, and oil).

Sponge mixing method

For this method, start by mixing the yeast with a bit of flour, sugar, and liquid to make a ferment. Then, this ferment is mixed in with the rest of the ingredients.

This mixing method allows you to hydrate the yeast and ultimately creates a much spongier bread. It also helps develop a very yeasty flavor.

High-fat mixing method

When using the high-fat mixing method, you first start by making a sponge (as mentioned above). Then, you add the sponge to all of the ingredients except for the fat.

Then, you will knead the dough until it passes the windowpane test. Only then do you slowly mix in the softened butter or shortening.

Types Of Enriched Dough

There are many different recipes for enriched breads, however, there are a few very famous types of enriched breads that we’d like to mention today.

Babka is a type of traditional Jewish bread that has been enriched with sugar, eggs, and butter. Before being shaped, the dough is swirled with chocolate to create an absolutely mesmerizing load of bread. Challah is another famous enriched Jewish bread.

enriched dough recipe

Next, we get brioche, arguably one of the most famous enriched breads in the world. This buttery French load is enriched with sugar, eggs, and loads of butter.

And, who doesn’t love a good cinnamon roll? Yes, these delicious buns are also made using enriched dough. What makes them unique is their delicious cinnamon-sugar coating.

Donuts are another deliciously sweet treat made with enriched dough. But, instead of being baked, they are fried.

Our last mention-worthy bread made from enriched dough are dinner rolls. Everybody knows them, and there’s a reason you can’t stop snacking on these when waiting for your dinner. You use milk and butter to make these fluffy rolls.

What You Will Need For This Enriched Bread Recipe

Ingredients

  • 1 cup milk, lukewarm
  • 2 teaspoons (10 grams) instant  dry yeast
  • 1 teaspoon granulated white sugar
  • 4 cups white bread flour
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons fine salt
  • 1 large egg, room temperature
  • 1/4 cup butter, softened
  • Egg wash, for glazing
  • 2 tablespoons melted butter, for glazing

Equipment

  • Mixing bowls
  • Stand mixer with the dough hook attachment
  • Kitchen towel or plastic wrap
  • Two baking sheets (pans)
  • Non-stick baking paper
  • Dough cutter or sharp knife
  • Scale

Step by step instructions

Step 1: Make the yeast starter

In a small bowl, combine the lukewarm milk, sugar, and yeast together. Give it a mix and allow it to stand for about 10 minutes. It should become foamy – that’s how you know the yeast is active.

Step 2: Make the dough

Next, in the bowl of a stand mixer, add 3 cups of flour and salt. Slowly add the yeasty-milk mixture while the mixer is running at a low speed. Then, add the egg and continue mixing the dough until it comes together.

Add the softened butter and continue mixing until a relatively sticky dough forms. Then, add in the remaining cup of flour, one tablespoon at a time, until you have a soft and smooth dough that is only slightly sticky.

Step 3: Rest your enriched dough

Cover the bowl with a damp kitchen towel or plastic wrap. Allow the dough to rise for about 1 hour or until it has doubled in size.

While the dough is rising, line two baking sheets with non-stick baking paper.

Step 4: Shape the dinner rolls

Once the dough has been proofed, divide them into 8 equal pieces using a dough cutter or sharp knife. You can measure them to get more uniform rolls.

Roll each piece of dough into a neat dinner roll and pinch the bottom to create a nice seal. Place them onto the lined baking sheet and allow them to rise, covered, for another 30 minutes.

Step 5: Bake the dinner rolls

Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 360°F (180°C). After the dinner rolls have rested, brush them with egg wash.

Bake the dinner rolls for about 15-20 minutes until they are golden brown. They will also sound hollow when you tap the bottoms.

Remove them from the oven and immediately brush them with melted butter. Allow them to cool for at least 10 minutes before serving them.

Tips And Tricks

  • For this enriched bread recipe, you can also use cake flour or all-purpose flour. We recommend white bread flour because it will allow you to still create some gluten while the fat inhibits it. If you use cake flour (or any low or no gluten flour) the dinner rolls will have a tighter crumb.
  • You won’t necessarily need all 4 cups of flour. That is why we only start with three. The last cup should slowly be incorporated to adjust the consistency of the dough.
  • If you accidentally forgot to add in the salt, you can have a look at this article on how to fix it.
  • It is incredibly important that you rest your dough and allow it to prove. Resting the dough helps relax the gluten strands in the bread so that they can rise inside the oven when baked. It also helps develop a better flavor in the bread.

Servings And Preparation Time

Prep time Proofing (resting) time Baking time Servings
30 minutes 1 hour 30 minutes 15-20 minutes 8 large dinner rolls

Conclusion

If you found this article informative and loved the recipe, let us know about it in the comments below. Also, if you have any questions, don’t hesitate to ask us!

What Is An Enriched Dough? - The Ultimate Guide With Recipe

What is an enriched dough? These doughs are made with added fats, eggs, sugar, and dairy products to create a tender, soft, and rich bread.
Prep Time30 mins
Cook Time20 mins
Resting Time1 hr 30 mins
Total Time2 hrs 20 mins
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: American
Keyword: enriched bread recipe, enriched dough definition, enriched dough recipe, what is an enriched dough
Servings: 8 large dinner rolls
Author: Cakedecorist

Equipment

  • Mixing bowls
  • Stand mixer with the dough hook attachment
  • Kitchen towel or plastic wrap
  • Two baking sheets (pans)
  • Non-stick baking paper
  • Dough cutter or sharp knife
  • Scale

Ingredients
  

  • 1 cup milk, lukewarm
  • 2 teaspoons (10 grams) instant dry yeast
  • 1 teaspoon granulated white sugar
  • 4 cups white bread flour
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons fine salt
  • 1 large egg, room temperature
  • 1/4 cup butter, softened
  • Egg wash, for glazing
  • 2 tablespoons melted butter, for glazing

Instructions

  • Make the yeast starter.
    In a small bowl, combine the lukewarm milk, sugar, and yeast together. Give it a mix and allow it to stand for about 10 minutes. It should become foamy - that's how you know the yeast is active.
    1 cup milk, lukewarm, 2 teaspoons (10 grams) instant dry yeast, 1 teaspoon granulated white sugar
  • Make the dough
    Next, in the bowl of a stand mixer, add 3 cups of flour and salt. Slowly add the yeasty-milk mixture while the mixer is running at a low speed. Then, add the egg and continue mixing the dough until it comes together.
    Add the softened butter and continue mixing until a relatively sticky dough forms. Then, add in the remaining cup of flour, one tablespoon at a time, until you have a soft and smooth dough that is only slightly sticky.
    4 cups white bread flour, 1 1/2 teaspoons fine salt, 1 large egg, room temperature, 1/4 cup butter, softened
  • Rest your enriched dough.
    Cover the bowl with a damp kitchen towel or plastic wrap. Allow the dough to rise for about 1 hour or until it has doubled in size.
    While the dough is rising, line two baking sheets with non-stick baking paper.
  • Shape the dinner rolls.
    Once the dough has been proofed, divide them into 8 equal pieces using a dough cutter or sharp knife. You can measure them to get more uniform rolls.
    Roll each piece of dough into a neat dinner roll and pinch the bottom to create a nice seal. Place them onto the lined baking sheet and allow them to rise, covered, for another 30 minutes.
  • Bake the dinner rolls.
    Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 360°F (180°C). After the dinner rolls have rested, brush them with egg wash.
    Bake the dinner rolls for about 15-20 minutes until they are golden brown. They will also sound hollow when you tap the bottoms.
    Remove them from the oven and immediately brush them with melted butter. Allow them to cool for at least 10 minutes before serving them.
    Egg wash, for glazing, 2 tablespoons melted butter, for glazing

Notes

You won't necessarily need all 4 cups of flour. That is why we only start with three. The last cup should slowly be incorporated to adjust the consistency of the dough.
It is incredibly important that you rest your dough and allow it to prove. Resting the dough helps relax the gluten strands in the bread so that they can rise inside the oven when baked. It also helps develop a better flavor in the bread.
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